Silas & Kane’s Glut1DS & Ketogenic Diet Journey

My twin 18-month-old boys, Silas & Kane, just love music and new experiences. We just celebrated our 2nd Christmas! I love watching them light up seeing all the joy around us at this time of year. It brings us so much peace.

First Seizure Experience & a Misdiagnosis

When the boys were just 4 months old, Kane had his first seizure. I was so frightened as I was a new mom. I didn’t know what was happening. We all rushed to our local children’s hospital. While we were there, Silas started having “Aberrant Gaze Saccades”, also known as “Intermittent Involuntary Gaze (IIG)”, which looked like his eyes were crossed. He couldn’t shake out of it and would become very distressed. Lots of tests were being done on the boys and we spent days in the hospital.

One day, a few doctors came into our room and asked my husband and I, “how do you want us to tell you this information?”. My heart instantly broke and I felt a huge lump in my throat as I answered “just tell me straight up.” They told us that my twins had a rare condition called Leukodystrophy. They explained that there was no cure and that they would not live see their 5th birthday. To say I was devastated would be an understatement. I told myself that if there was any way on this earth I could get a miracle of a misdiagnosis, I would do everything in my power to make sure my boys have the best life possible.

Days later, we were so relieved to learn that the boys had in fact been misdiagnosed initially. After more agonizing days in the hospital and lots of blood tests, EEG’s, spinal taps & everything else, we got the REAL Diagnosis: Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome.

Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome & The Ketogenic Diet

Glucose Transporter Type 1 Deficiency Syndrome or Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome is a rare genetic condition that impairs the brain metabolism. Glucose cannot be properly transported into the brain, essentially starving it from the energy it needs to function and thrive. Common signs and symptoms can include seizures, movement disorders, speech and language disorders, and developmental delays. There is no cure and they will live with this condition for the rest of their lives. However, I was exploding with joy when learning that my sons had Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome! You’re all thinking I’m crazy, I know, but I could not stop crying happy tears, as in my eyes, my boys were given a second chance at life compared to the initial diagnosis we were given. I wasted no time in trying to educate myself as much as I possibly could about this condition.

My boys were put on an antiepileptic medication and we were sent home. I was noticing that my boys were not improving. They were still having multiple Aberrant Gaze Saccades a day and they were not meeting their milestones. At our next doctor’s appointment, I expressed my frustration with how the medications were not working and I mentioned that through my research, I read that the ketogenic diet was very successful in managing seizures in children with Glut1 Deficiency Syndrome. They were hesitant as a lot of parents claim that the ketogenic diet is too hard to keep up with. I told them that I need to own up to my promise that I made to myself, that I was going to do everything possible for my boys with this new chance at life. They saw how motivated I was, and they were happy to let me begin.

At first, I was very overwhelmed as I had 2 babies who required this diet. I thought “Can I ACTUALLY do this?”  I was worried that maybe I was a little in over my head. We started the diet at home with the help of a dietitian who helped start the boys out on a ketogenic formula recipe. We slowly worked our way up to the 4:1 ketogenic ratio. Within the first few days, I instantly saw an increase in energy. They were starting to smile, laugh, and hold their head up on their own! I was so overjoyed with how well the diet was working! We weaned off the antiepileptic medication with success! The hard work was totally paying off.

We recently passed our 1-year milestone since they started the diet on December 21st, 2017. The boys have not had a seizure since the day they started the ketogenic diet! I know that there will be challenges as they get older and we may have hiccups along the way, but I am hopeful that the ketogenic diet will keep the seizures suppressed for the most part.

Now that the boys are toddlers exploring new foods, KetoCal® formula makes it SO easy to make really yummy recipes. My boys love cream cheese pancakes that I make with the Ketocal 4:1 LQ Vanilla (recipe below). We have a very busy lifestyle with lots of child therapy & hospital appointments. I just make a big batch of pancakes and bring them on the go! I remember a time when I felt so overwhelmed and I couldn’t think of any ideas of easy meals to make for the boys, so I sent Nutricia a message on Facebook and they sent me TONS of super easy, awesome recipes! I felt like I won the lottery! The boys also love when I use the formula to make smoothies.

The Boys’ Life Today

The boys were off to a rough start the first few months of their lives, which has caused some delays for them. At 18 months old, they still struggle with their balance. They cannot stand on their own or walk. They say “mamma” and “dada”, and they will point to things that they want. The boys are extremely motivated to start walking and they use big boxes to push around the house to help them walk. They attend water therapy, music therapy & physical therapy.

My husband and I made the decision to start a low carbohydrate lifestyle ourselves as we wanted our home to be a place where they don’t feel different or left out. We know that this is something that will be life long, so we want to make this as easy as possible for them. We want them to grow up seeing mom and dad eating the same food as them and to see that eating healthy is a good thing! As they get older, I want them to be able to open the refrigerator or cupboards without having to see food they “can’t have”. It has made me so much more passionate about the ketogenic lifestyle & I could not be more grateful for how it has impacted all of our lives!

Advice for Other Parents

My advice to any parent seeking out the ketogenic diet for their child: If medications are not working and your child is still suffering from seizures, then what do you have to lose with trying the ketogenic diet?  Ask your child’s neurologist about whether the ketogenic diet might be helpful. If you do end up starting the ketogenic diet, be patient and don’t give up! It can be difficult with all the fine-tuning, but I can assure you that it’s absolutely worth it!

– Francine

I was paid by Nutricia for my time to write this blog post, however, my opinions are my own.

KetoCal is a medical food intended for individuals age 1 year and up. It is intended for use under medical supervision.

 

 

ketogenic diet pancake recipe

Silas & Kane’s Cream Cheese Pancake Recipe (4:1 ketogenic ratio):

  • 19 g Egg (raw, mixed well)
  • 15 g Cream cheese
  • 15 mL Formula: KetoCal® 4:1 LQ (measure in mL) Nutricia
  • 1 g Butter
  • Berries (optional; needs to be calculated into recipe)

Directions:

  1. Mix eggs, cream cheese, KetoCal® 4:1 LQ and half of the butter into a batter.
  2. Pour into a greased pan on medium heat and cook until brown; flip and repeat.
  3. Use remaining butter as topping.
  4. Optional – Top with berries (be sure to calculate this into the recipe)

You can also view this recipe on MyKetoPlanner here.

Please note, this recipe is for a 4:1 ketogenic ratio. As always, please check with your healthcare provider to ensure that this recipe is appropriate for you or your child. The recipe may need to be adjusted to meet your ketogenic ratio and calorie requirements.

 

Keto-friendly Thanksgiving & Holiday Recipes

Thanksgiving and holiday meals tend to be food-focused. This can be stressful when you or a loved one is on the ketogenic diet for the dietary management of intractable epilepsy. However, with KetoCal® and a little extra planning (okay, maybe a lot), you can put together a delicious and keto-friendly holiday feast. Reach out to your ketogenic dietitian far in advance for help putting together a meal that meets your calorie and ratio requirements. Here are some delicious and keto-friendly recipe ideas to get you started.

For Hanukkah recipe Ideas, see our previous post here.

Main Course:

Every family has their own traditions when it comes to main courses for holiday dinners.  Whether ham, beef, poultry or fish is served, be mindful of rubs or glazes that may contain carbohydrates.  You can use  butter or a high-fat sauce to even out the ketogenic ratio. For example, you could create a creamy gravy using heavy cream or Liquigen® (emulsified MCT oil), mixed with chicken or beef bouillon granules.

Most families serve turkey on Thanksgiving. If possible, opt for dark meat since it has a higher fat content.  If you’re up for something a little different, consider these turkey dishes that are already in a 3:1 ketogenic ratio:

Side Dishes:

For many, side dishes are the best part of the meal! Here are some tasty and keto-friendly options:

Chef Rachel’s Stuffing (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Chef Rachel’s Green Bean Casserole (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Chef Rachel’s Mashed Fauxtatoes (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Chef Rachel’s Sweet Fauxtatoes (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Cauliflower & Cheese (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Dessert & Treats:

Who could forget the sweetest part? Whether you’re looking for a keto-friendly dessert for your holiday feast or holiday cookies to decorate, we’ve got you covered.

Crustless Pumpkin Pie (3:1 recipe)

Chef Rachel’s Apple Crisp (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Basic Cookies (great for decorating with food coloring or “keto sprinkles” (granulated stevia with food coloring)) – (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Gingerbread Cookies (3:1 recipe)

Chef Rachel’s Chocolate Chip Cookie (3:1 ratio)

Crème Brulee (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe, MAD recipe)

Chocolate Ice-cream (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe, MAD recipe)

Vanilla Ice-cream (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe)

Chocolate Cupcakes with Chocolate Frosting (3:1 recipe)

Vanilla Cake Pops (3:1 recipe)

Chocolate Cake Pops (3:1 recipe)

Strawberry Panna Cotta (3:1 recipe, 4:1 recipe, MAD recipe)

Chocolate Candy (2.87:1 recipe)

Chef Rachel’s Easy Chocolate Pudding (3:1 recipe)

 

For more tips on managing the holidays on the ketogenic diet, see our previous post here.

From all of us at KetoCal, we wish your family a very happy, healthy and tasty holiday season!

Mallory

KetoCal is a medical food and is intended for use under medical supervision.

The ketogenic diet for epilepsy should be used under medical supervision.

Ella’s Journey with Dravet Syndrome and the Ketogenic Diet

Ella on the way to an appointment with her ketogenic dietitian

Ella is 9 years old. She has an orange belt in tae kwon do and is very excited to be going to a new school for 3rd grade. The best way I can describe my daughter is that I wish everyone had the same approach to life and towards others as she does. She is optimistic, kind, and compassionate to anyone she meets. One would not expect such a positive or loving disposition from a child who has been through so much in such a short time.

Dravet Syndrome

We assumed Ella was healthy when she was born a hefty 8lbs 15ozs. She was very curious and social as an infant. Ella was around 10 months old when we realized something was very wrong. She had her first seizure during a nap. It lasted over 2 hours and required her to be intubated for 2 days. We were told it was due to high fever, and were convinced it was the last one she would ever have until she started having them several times a week. She had been intubated 4 times before we knew what we were dealing with. Ella was diagnosed with a genetic condition called Dravet Syndrome at 3 years old. It is a rare and catastrophic form of epilepsy that brings with it a host of medical complications ranging from global delays to chronic infection. It never goes away and it does not always improve over time.

The Ketogenic Diet

Ella had been prescribed several anti-epileptics with little to no noticeable seizure control. She was often in a drug-induced fog or extremely irritable. Her neurologist recommended we put her on the ketogenic diet.

The decision to place Ella on such a restrictive diet was not one that was taken lightly. After researching it, we at first felt overwhelmed and reluctant to try it because of the potential adverse effects involved (the most common problems are digestive issues, although these can usually be managed under the care of a keto dietitian). We also knew that managing the ketogenic diet would be a time commitment, and we struggled with the idea that Ella would not be able to eat food other children could eat. I remember wondering how I was going to keep up with it. I worked full time and had Ella and her younger sister. There were a lot of factors delaying us (my husband and I) from making the choice. However, we decided that we had more to gain by trying it. We knew that if it did not work, we could take Ella off of it and try something else. Fortunately, we met several families who had their children with Dravet Syndrome on the ketogenic diet who were experiencing fewer seizures. They shared their stories with us and it put us at ease.

Following a brief admission to the hospital in order to safely wean Ella onto the ketogenic diet, her dietitian sent us home with several recipes. Ella’s keto dietitian encouraged us to try KetoCal® products to help us find some meal alternatives. KetoCal offered several tasty options for kids such as ready-made shakes (plain or vanilla) and powder mixes that could be used in sweet or savory meals.

After 4 days of being on the keto diet, Ella used the bathroom on her own for the first time. Her speech and cognition improved dramatically, and more importantly she went 6 months without a seizure. It was the longest she had gone without one since 10 months old.

My daughter has been on the ketogenic diet for 5 and half years. Part of why keto has worked for Ella is that we make her a part of the process by empowering her as much as possible. We create new recipes often, based on her requests. This gives her a sense of control over what she eats. Seeing Ella smile after she tastes something new is a huge pay off.

Advice for Other Parents

If you have a child with Dravet Syndrome or intractable epilepsy, please consider the ketogenic diet as a low side-effect option for managing seizures. The diet may not be right for everyone, but it works wonders for so many with uncontrolled seizures. Please do not hesitate to speak with your neurologist about having a consultation with a keto dietitian, or even reaching out to members of the epilepsy and ketogenic diet community. There are many groups on Facebook where you can connect with other families who have tried the ketogenic diet, such as:

You can also find a ketogenic diet provider near you here: https://myketocal.com/kdcenters.aspx.

-Dana

I was paid by Nutricia for my time to write this blog, however, my opinions are my own.

KetoCal is a medical food and is intended for use under medical supervision.

The ketogenic diet for epilepsy should be used under medical supervision.

Please note that this is one family’s report of their experience with the ketogenic diet and may not be the experience of others. Individual results will vary. Please discuss the potential benefits of the ketogenic diet with your healthcare provider.

 

Interested in sharing you or your child’s ketogenic diet story? Email us at MyKetoCal@nutricia.com.